A balanced healthy diet before and during pregnancy helps to protect both the pregnant mother and her growing baby from both short and long-term health risks. During this time, a woman’s micronutrient (vitamins & minerals) and macronutrient (energy- carbs, proteins & fats) requirements increase, which is why it is so important that she consumes food which will give her both the energy and the specific nutrient requirements essential for maintaining hers and her growing baby’s health. Nutritional balance is most important prior to conception and during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy (including the very early stages, when the woman may be unaware she is pregnant).
Women require an additional 240 calories of energy per day in the second trimester and 452 calories per day in the third trimester of pregnancy to account for foetal growth. An additional 975 milligrams of iron is required in the course of the pregnancy to form foetal and additional maternal blood. While nutritional supplements can provide large quantities of particular micronutrients, they can also be toxic & detrimental to health if not administered the correct dosage. Don’t guess how to maintain optimal health for conception and pregnancy. Consult with a qualified health professional for individualised healthy nutrition for you.